Bible, King James Version
] And it happened, after that Alexander son of Philip,
the Macedonian, who came out of the land of Chettiim, had smitten Darius king of
the Persians and Medes, that he reigned in his stead, the first over
] And made many wars, and won many strong holds, and slew
the kings of the earth,
] And went through to the ends of the earth,
and took spoils of many nations, insomuch that the earth was quiet before him;
whereupon he was exalted and his heart was lifted up.
] And he
gathered a mighty strong host and ruled over countries, and nations, and kings,
who became tributaries unto him.
] And after these things he fell
sick, and perceived that he should die.
] Wherefore he called his
servants, such as were honourable, and had been brought up with him from his
youth, and parted his kingdom among them, while he was yet alive.
So Alexander reigned twelves years, and then died.
] And his
servants bare rule every one in his place.
] And after his death
they all put crowns upon themselves; so did their sons after them many years:
and evils were multiplied in the earth.
] And there came out of
them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who
had been an hostage at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and
seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.
] In those days went
there out of Israel wicked men, who persuaded many, saying, Let us go and make a
covenant with the heathen that are round about us: for since we departed from
them we have had much sorrow.
] So this device pleased them
] Then certain of the people were so forward herein, that
they went to the king, who gave them licence to do after the ordinances of the
] Whereupon they built a place of exercise at Jerusalem
according to the customs of the heathen:
] And made themselves
uncircumcised, and forsook the holy covenant, and joined themselves to the
heathen, and were sold to do mischief.
] Now when the kingdom was
established before Antiochus, he thought to reign over Egypt that he might have
the dominion of two realms.
] Wherefore he entered into Egypt with
a great multitude, with chariots, and elephants, and horsemen, and a great
] And made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt: but Ptolemee
was afraid of him, and fled; and many were wounded to death.
they got the strong cities in the land of Egypt and he took the spoils
] And after that Antiochus had smitten Egypt, he returned
again in the hundred forty and third year, and went up against Israel and
Jerusalem with a great multitude,
] And entered proudly into the
sanctuary, and took away the golden altar, and the candlestick of light, and all
the vessels thereof,
] And the table of the shewbread, and the
pouring vessels, and the vials. and the censers of gold, and the veil, and the
crown, and the golden ornaments that were before the temple, all which he pulled
] He took also the silver and the gold, and the precious
vessels: also he took the hidden treasures which he found.
when he had taken all away, he went into his own land, having made a great
massacre, and spoken very proudly.
] Therefore there was a great
mourning in Israel, in every place where they were;
] So that the
princes and elders mourned, the virgins and young men were made feeble, and the
beauty of women was changed.
] Every bridegroom took up
lamentation, and she that sat in the marriage chamber was in
] The land also was moved for the inhabitants thereof,
and all the house of Jacob was covered with confusion.
] And after
two years fully expired the king sent his chief collector of tribute unto the
cities of Juda, who came unto Jerusalem with a great multitude,
And spake peaceable words unto them, but all was deceit: for when they had given
him credence, he fell suddenly upon the city, and smote it very sore, and
destroyed much people of Israel.
] And when he had taken the spoils
of the city, he set it on fire, and pulled down the houses and walls thereof on
] But the women and children took they captive, and
possessed the cattle.
] Then builded they the city of David with a
great and strong wall, and with mighty towers, and made it a strong hold for
] And they put therein a sinful nation, wicked men, and
fortified themselves therein.
] They stored it also with armour and
victuals, and when they had gathered together the spoils of Jerusalem, they laid
them up there, and so they became a sore snare:
] For it was a
place to lie in wait against the sanctuary, and an evil adversary to
] Thus they shed innocent blood on every side of the
sanctuary, and defiled it:
] Insomuch that the inhabitants of
Jerusalem fled because of them: whereupon the city was made an habitation of
strangers, and became strange to those that were born in her; and her own
children left her.
] Her sanctuary was laid waste like a
wilderness, her feasts were turned into mourning, her sabbaths into reproach her
honour into contempt.
] As had been her glory, so was her dishonour
increased, and her excellency was turned into mourning.
king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all should be one
] And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen
agreed according to the commandment of the king.
] Yea, many also
of the Israelites consented to his religion, and sacrificed unto idols, and
profaned the sabbath.
] For the king had sent letters by messengers
unto Jerusalem and the cities of Juda that they should follow the strange laws
of the land,
] And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink
offerings, in the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival
] And pollute the sanctuary and holy people:
Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and sacrifice swine's flesh,
and unclean beasts:
] That they should also leave their children
uncircumcised, and make their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness
] To the end they might forget the law, and change
all the ordinances.
] And whosoever would not do according to the
commandment of the king, he said, he should die.
] In the selfsame
manner wrote he to his whole kingdom, and appointed overseers over all the
people, commanding the cities of Juda to sacrifice, city by city.
Then many of the people were gathered unto them, to wit every one that forsook
the law; and so they committed evils in the land;
] And drove the
Israelites into secret places, even wheresoever they could flee for
] Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the
hundred forty and fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation upon the
altar, and builded idol altars throughout the cities of Juda on every
] And burnt incense at the doors of their houses, and in the
] And when they had rent in pieces the books of the law
which they found, they burnt them with fire.
] And whosoever was
found with any the book of the testament, or if any committed to the law, the
king's commandment was, that they should put him to death.
did they by their authority unto the Israelites every month, to as many as were
found in the cities.
] Now the five and twentieth day of the month
they did sacrifice upon the idol altar, which was upon the altar of
] At which time according to the commandment they put to death
certain women, that had caused their children to be circumcised.
And they hanged the infants about their necks, and rifled their houses, and slew
them that had circumcised them.
] Howbeit many in Israel were fully
resolved and confirmed in themselves not to eat any unclean
] Wherefore the rather to die, that they might not be
defiled with meats, and that they might not profane the holy covenant: so then
] And there was very great wrath upon Israel.
] In those days arose Mattathias the son of John, the
son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and dwelt in
] And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis:
Simon; called Thassi:
] Judas, who was called
] Eleazar, called Avaran: and Jonathan, whose surname was
] And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in
Juda and Jerusalem,
] He said, Woe is me! wherefore was I born to
see this misery of my people, and of the holy city, and to dwell there, when it
was delivered into the hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the hand of
] Her temple is become as a man without
] Her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity, her
infants are slain in the streets, her young men with the sword of the
] What nation hath not had a part in her kingdom and gotten
of her spoils?
] All her ornaments are taken away; of a free woman
she is become a bondslave.
] And, behold, our sanctuary, even our
beauty and our glory, is laid waste, and the Gentiles have profaned
] To what end therefore shall we live any
] Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put
on sackcloth, and mourned very sore.
] In the mean while the king's
officers, such as compelled the people to revolt, came into the city Modin, to
make them sacrifice.
] And when many of Israel came unto them,
Mattathias also and his sons came together.
] Then answered the
king's officers, and said to Mattathias on this wise, Thou art a ruler, and an
honourable and great man in this city, and strengthened with sons and
] Now therefore come thou first, and fulfil the king's
commandment, like as all the heathen have done, yea, and the men of Juda also,
and such as remain at Jerusalem: so shalt thou and thy house be in the number of
the king's friends, and thou and thy children shall be honoured with silver and
gold, and many rewards.
] Then Mattathias answered and spake with a
loud voice, Though all the nations that are under the king's dominion obey him,
and fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give consent to
] Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in
the covenant of our fathers.
] God forbid that we should forsake
the law and the ordinances.
] We will not hearken to the king's
words, to go from our religion, either on the right hand, or the
] Now when he had left speaking these words, there came one
of the Jews in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was at Modin,
according to the king's commandment.
] Which thing when Mattathias
saw, he was inflamed with zeal, and his reins trembled, neither could he forbear
to shew his anger according to judgment: wherefore he ran, and slew him upon the
] Also the king's commissioner, who compelled men to
sacrifice, he killed at that time, and the altar he pulled down.
Thus dealt he zealously for the law of God like as Phinees did unto Zambri the
son of Salom.
] And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a
loud voice, saying, Whosoever is zealous of the law, and maintaineth the
covenant, let him follow me.
] So he and his sons fled into the
mountains, and left all that ever they had in the city.
] Then many
that sought after justice and judgment went down into the wilderness, to dwell
] Both they, and their children, and their wives; and their
cattle; because afflictions increased sore upon them.
] Now when it
was told the king's servants, and the host that was at Jerusalem, in the city of
David, that certain men, who had broken the king's commandment, were gone down
into the secret places in the wilderness,
] They pursued after them
a great number, and having overtaken them, they camped against them, and made
war against them on the sabbath day.
] And they said unto them, Let
that which ye have done hitherto suffice; come forth, and do according to the
commandment of the king, and ye shall live.
] But they said, We
will not come forth, neither will we do the king's commandment, to profane the
] So then they gave them the battle with all
] Howbeit they answered them not, neither cast they a stone
at them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid;
] But said, Let
us die all in our innocency: heaven and earth will testify for us, that ye put
us to death wrongfully.
] So they rose up against them in battle on
the sabbath, and they slew them, with their wives and children and their cattle,
to the number of a thousand people.
] Now when Mattathias and his
friends understood hereof, they mourned for them right sore.
one of them said to another, If we all do as our brethren have done, and fight
not for our lives and laws against the heathen, they will now quickly root us
out of the earth.
] At that time therefore they decreed, saying,
Whosoever shall come to make battle with us on the sabbath day, we will fight
against him; neither will we die all, as our brethren that were murdered im the
] Then came there unto him a company of Assideans
who were mighty men of Israel, even all such as were voluntarily devoted unto
] Also all they that fled for persecution joined
themselves unto them, and were a stay unto them.
] So they joined
their forces, and smote sinful men in their anger, and wicked men in their
wrath: but the rest fled to the heathen for succour.
Mattathias and his friends went round about, and pulled down the
] And what children soever they found within the coast of
Israel uncircumcised, those they circumcised valiantly.
pursued also after the proud men, and the work prospered in their
] So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles,
and out of the hand of kings, neither suffered they the sinner to
] Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die,
he said unto his sons, Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength, and the time
of destruction, and the wrath of indignation:
] Now therefore, my
sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give your lives for the covenant of your
] Call to remembrance what acts our fathers did in their
time; so shall ye receive great honour and an everlasting name.
Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was imputed unto him for
] Joseph in the time of his distress kept the
commandment and was made lord of Egypt.
] Phinees our father in
being zealous and fervent obtained the covenant of an everlasting
] Jesus for fulfilling the word was made a judge in
] Caleb for bearing witness before the congregation
received the heritage of the land.
] David for being merciful
possessed the throne of an everlasting kingdom.
] Elias for being
zealous and fervent for the law was taken up into heaven.
Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by believing were saved out of the
] Daniel for his innocency was delivered from the mouth of
] And thus consider ye throughout all ages, that none that
put their trust in him shall be overcome.
] Fear not then the words
of a sinful man: for his glory shall be dung and worms.
] To day he
shall be lifted up and to morrow he shall not be found, because he is returned
into his dust, and his thought is come to nothing.
] Wherefore, ye
my sons, be valiant and shew yourselves men in the behalf of the law; for by it
shall ye obtain glory.
] And behold, I know that your brother Simon
is a man of counsel, give ear unto him alway: he shall be a father unto
] As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath been mighty and strong, even
from his youth up: let him be your captain, and fight the battle of the
] Take also unto you all those that observe the law, and
avenge ye the wrong of your people.
] Recompense fully the heathen,
and take heed to the commandments of the law.
] So he blessed them,
and was gathered to his fathers.
] And he died in the hundred forty
and sixth year, and his sons buried him in the sepulchres of his fathers at
Modin, and all Israel made great lamentation for him.
] Then his son Judas, called Maccabeus, rose up in his
] And all his brethren helped him, and so did all they that
held with his father, and they fought with cheerfulness the battle of
] So he gat his people great honour, and put on a
breastplate as a giant, and girt his warlike harness about him, and he made
battles, protecting the host with his sword.
] In his acts he was
like a lion, and like a lion's whelp roaring for his prey.
] For He
pursued the wicked, and sought them out, and burnt up those that vexed his
] Wherefore the wicked shrunk for fear of him, and all the
workers of iniquity were troubled, because salvation prospered in his
] He grieved also many kings, and made Jacob glad with his
acts, and his memorial is blessed for ever.
] Moreover he went
through the cities of Juda, destroying the ungodly out of them, and turning away
wrath from Israel:
] So that he was renowned unto the utmost part of
the earth, and he received unto him such as were ready to perish.
Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles together, and a great host out of Samaria,
to fight against Israel.
] Which thing when Judas perceived, he
went forth to meet him, and so he smote him, and slew him: many also fell down
slain, but the rest fled.
] Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and
Apollonius' sword also, and therewith he fought all his life
] Now when Seron, a prince of the army of Syria, heard say
that Judas had gathered unto him a multitude and company of the faithful to go
out with him to war;
] He said, I will get me a name and honour in
the kingdom; for I will go fight with Judas and them that are with him, who
despise the king's commandment.
] So he made him ready to go up,
and there went with him a mighty host of the ungodly to help him, and to be
avenged of the children of Israel.
] And when he came near to the
going up of Bethhoron, Judas went forth to meet him with a small
] Who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said
unto Judas, How shall we be able, being so few, to fight against so great a
multitude and so strong, seeing we are ready to faint with fasting all this
] Unto whom Judas answered, It is no hard matter for many to
be shut up in the hands of a few; and with the God of heaven it is all one, to
deliver with a great multitude, or a small company:
] For the
victory of battle standeth not in the multitude of an host; but strength cometh
] They come against us in much pride and iniquity to
destroy us, and our wives and children, and to spoil us:
] But we
fight for our lives and our laws.
] Wherefore the Lord himself will
overthrow them before our face: and as for you, be ye not afraid of
] Now as soon as he had left off speaking, he leapt suddenly
upon them, and so Seron and his host was overthrown before him.
And they pursued them from the going down of Bethhoron unto the plain, where
were slain about eight hundred men of them; and the residue fled into the land
of the Philistines.
] Then began the fear of Judas and his
brethren, and an exceeding great dread, to fall upon the nations round about
] Insomuch as his fame came unto the king, and all nations
talked of the battles of Judas.
] Now when king Antiochus heard
these things, he was full of indignation: wherefore he sent and gathered
together all the forces of his realm, even a very strong army.
opened also his treasure, and gave his soldiers pay for a year, commanding them
to be ready whensoever he should need them.
] Nevertheless, when he
saw that the money of his treasures failed and that the tributes in the country
were small, because of the dissension and plague, which he had brought upon the
land in taking away the laws which had been of old time;
feared that he should not be able to bear the charges any longer, nor to have
such gifts to give so liberally as he did before: for he had abounded above the
kings that were before him.
] Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in
his mind, he determined to go into Persia, there to take the tributes of the
countries, and to gather much money.
] So he left Lysias, a
nobleman, and one of the blood royal, to oversee the affairs of the king from
the river Euphrates unto the borders of Egypt:
] And to bring up
his son Antiochus, until he came again.
] Moreover he delivered
unto him the half of his forces, and the elephants, and gave him charge of all
things that he would have done, as also concerning them that dwelt in Juda and
] To wit, that he should send an army against them, to
destroy and root out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and
to take away their memorial from that place;
] And that he should
place strangers in all their quarters, and divide their land by
] So the king took the half of the forces that remained, and
departed from Antioch, his royal city, the hundred forty and seventh year; and
having passed the river Euphrates, he went through the high
] Then Lysias chose Ptolemee the son of Dorymenes,
Nicanor, and Gorgias, mighty men of the king's friends:
] And with
them he sent forty thousand footmen, and seven thousand horsemen, to go into the
land of Juda, and to destroy it, as the king commanded.
] So they
went forth with all their power, and came and pitched by Emmaus in the plain
] And the merchants of the country, hearing the fame of
them, took silver and gold very much, with servants, and came into the camp to
buy the children of Israel for slaves: a power also of Syria and of the land of
the Philistines joined themselves unto them.
] Now when Judas and
his brethren saw that miseries were multiplied, and that the forces did encamp
themselves in their borders: for they knew how the king had given commandment to
destroy the people, and utterly abolish them;
] They said one to
another, Let us restore the decayed fortune of our people, and let us fight for
our people and the sanctuary.
] Then was the congregation gathered
together, that they might be ready for battle, and that they might pray, and ask
mercy and compassion.
] Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness,
there was none of her children that went in or out: the sanctuary also was
trodden down, and aliens kept the strong hold; the heathen had their habitation
in that place; and joy was taken from Jacob, and the pipe with the harp
] Wherefore the Israelites assembled themselves together,
and came to Maspha, over against Jerusalem; for in Maspha was the place where
they prayed aforetime in Israel.
] Then they fasted that day, and
put on sackcloth, and cast ashes upon their heads, and rent their
] And laid open the book of the law, wherein the heathen
had sought to paint the likeness of their images.
] They brought
also the priests' garments, and the firstfruits, and the tithes: and the
Nazarites they stirred up, who had accomplished their days.
cried they with a loud voice toward heaven, saying, What shall we do with these,
and whither shall we carry them away?
] For thy sanctuary is
trodden down and profaned, and thy priests are in heaviness, and brought
] And lo, the heathen are assembled together against us to
destroy us: what things they imagine against us, thou knowest.
How shall we be able to stand against them, except thou, O God, be our
] Then sounded they with trumpets, and cried with a loud
] And after this Judas ordained captains over the people,
even captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over
] But as for such as were building houses, or had betrothed
wives, or were planting vineyards, or were fearful, those he commanded that they
should return, every man to his own house, according to the law.
So the camp removed, and pitched upon the south side of Emmaus.
And Judas said, arm yourselves, and be valiant men, and see that ye be in
readiness against the morning, that ye may fight with these nations, that are
assembled together against us to destroy us and our sanctuary:
For it is better for us to die in battle, than to behold the calamities of our
people and our sanctuary.
] Nevertheless, as the will of God is in
heaven, so let him do.
] Then took Gorgias five thousand footmen, and a
thousand of the best horsemen, and removed out of the camp by
] To the end he might rush in upon the camp of the Jews, and
smite them suddenly. And the men of the fortress were his guides.
Now when Judas heard thereof he himself removed, and the valiant men with him,
that he might smite the king's army which was at Emmaus,
] While as
yet the forces were dispersed from the camp.
] In the mean season
came Gorgias by night into the camp of Judas: and when he found no man there, he
sought them in the mountains: for said he, These fellows flee from
] But as soon as it was day, Judas shewed himself in the plain
with three thousand men, who nevertheless had neither armour nor swords to their
] And they saw the camp of the heathen, that it was strong
and well harnessed, and compassed round about with horsemen; and these were
expert of war.
] Then said Judas to the men that were with him, Fear
ye not their multitude, neither be ye afraid of their assault.
Remember how our fathers were delivered in the Red sea, when Pharaoh pursued
them with an army.
] Now therefore let us cry unto heaven, if
peradventure the Lord will have mercy upon us, and remember the covenant of our
fathers, and destroy this host before our face this day:
] That so
all the heathen may know that there is one who delivereth and saveth
] Then the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them
coming over against them.
] Wherefore they went out of the camp to
battle; but they that were with Judas sounded their trumpets.
they joined battle, and the heathen being discomfited fled into the
] Howbeit all the hindmost of them were slain with the
sword: for they pursued them unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea, and
Azotus, and Jamnia, so that there were slain of them upon a three thousand
] This done, Judas returned again with his host from pursuing
] And said to the people, Be not greedy of the spoil inasmuch
as there is a battle before us,
] And Gorgias and his host are here
by us in the mountain: but stand ye now against our enemies, and overcome them,
and after this ye may boldly take the spoils.
] As Judas was yet
speaking these words, there appeared a part of them looking out of the
] Who when they perceived that the Jews had put their
host to flight and were burning the tents; for the smoke that was seen declared
what was done:
] When therefore they perceived these things, they
were sore afraid, and seeing also the host of Judas in the plain ready to
] They fled every one into the land of
] Then Judas returned to spoil the tents, where they got
much gold, and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great
] After this they went home, and sung a song of
thanksgiving, and praised the Lord in heaven: because it is good, because his
mercy endureth forever.
] Thus Israel had a great deliverance that
] Now all the strangers that had escaped came and told Lysias
what had happened:
] Who, when he heard thereof, was confounded and
discouraged, because neither such things as he would were done unto Israel, nor
such things as the king commanded him were come to pass.
] The next
year therefore following Lysias gathered together threescore thousand choice men
of foot, and five thousand horsemen, that he might subdue them.
So they came into Idumea, and pitched their tents at Bethsura, and Judas met
them with ten thousand men.
] And when he saw that mighty army, he
prayed and said, Blessed art thou, O Saviour of Israel, who didst quell the
violence of the mighty man by the hand of thy servant David, and gavest the host
of strangers into the hands of Jonathan the son of Saul, and his
] Shut up this army in the hand of thy people Israel,
and let them be confounded in their power and horsemen:
] Make them
to be of no courage, and cause the boldness of their strength to fall away, and
let them quake at their destruction:
] Cast them down with the
sword of them that love thee, and let all those that know thy name praise thee
] So they joined battle; and there were slain of
the host of Lysias about five thousand men, even before them were they
] Now when Lysias saw his army put to flight, and the
manliness of Judas' soldiers, and how they were ready either to live or die
valiantly, he went into Antiochia, and gathered together a company of strangers,
and having made his army greater than it was, he purposed to come again into
] Then said Judas and his brethren, Behold, our enemies are
discomfited: let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary.
Upon this all the host assembled themselves together, and went up into mount
] And when they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar
profaned, and the gates burned up, and shrubs growing in the courts as in a
forest, or in one of the mountains, yea, and the priests' chambers pulled
] They rent their clothes, and made great lamentation, and
cast ashes upon their heads,
] And fell down flat to the ground
upon their faces, and blew an alarm with the trumpets, and cried toward
] Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those
that were in the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary.
So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such as had pleasure in the
] Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bare out the defiled stones
into an unclean place.
] And when as they consulted what to do with
the altar of burnt offerings, which was profaned;
] They thought it
best to pull it down, lest it should be a reproach to them, because the heathen
had defiled it: wherefore they pulled it down,
] And laid up the
stones in the mountain of the temple in a convenient place, until there should
come a prophet to shew what should be done with them.
] Then they
took whole stones according to the law, and built a new altar according to the
] And made up the sanctuary, and the things that were
within the temple, and hallowed the courts.
] They made also new
holy vessels, and into the temple they brought the candlestick, and the altar of
burnt offerings, and of incense, and the table.
] And upon the
altar they burned incense, and the lamps that were upon the candlestick they
lighted, that they might give light in the temple.
they set the loaves upon the table, and spread out the veils, and finished all
the works which they had begun to make.
] Now on the five and
twentieth day of the ninth month, which is called the month Casleu, in the
hundred forty and eighth year, they rose up betimes in the
] And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new
altar of burnt offerings, which they had made.
] Look, at what time
and what day the heathen had profaned it, even in that was it dedicated with
songs, and citherns, and harps, and cymbals.
] Then all the people
fell upon their faces, worshipping and praising the God of heaven, who had given
them good success.
] And so they kept the dedication of the altar
eight days and offered burnt offerings with gladness, and sacrificed the
sacrifice of deliverance and praise.
] They decked also the
forefront of the temple with crowns of gold, and with shields; and the gates and
the chambers they renewed, and hanged doors upon them.
] Thus was
there very great gladness among the people, for that the reproach of the heathen
was put away.
] Moreover Judas and his brethren with the whole
congregation of Israel ordained, that the days of the dedication of the altar
should be kept in their season from year to year by the space of eight days,
from the five and twentieth day of the month Casleu, with mirth and
] At that time also they builded up the mount Sion with
high walls and strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should come and
tread it down as they had done before.
] And they set there a
garrison to keep it, and fortified Bethsura to preserve it; that the people
might have a defence against Idumea.
] Now when the nations round about heard that the altar
was built and the sanctuary renewed as before, it displeased them very
] Wherefore they thought to destroy the generation of Jacob
that was among them, and thereupon they began to slay and destroy the
] Then Judas fought against the children of Esau in Idumea
at Arabattine, because they besieged Gael: and he gave them a great overthrow,
and abated their courage, and took their spoils.
] Also he
remembered the injury of the children of Bean, who had been a snare and an
offence unto the people, in that they lay in wait for them in the
] He shut them up therefore in the towers, and encamped
against them, and destroyed them utterly, and burned the towers of that place
with fire, and all that were therein.
] Afterward he passed over to
the children of Ammon, where he found a mighty power, and much people, with
Timotheus their captain.
] So he fought many battles with them, till
at length they were discomfited before him; and he smote them.
when he had taken Jazar, with the towns belonging thereto, he returned into
] Then the heathen that were at Galaad assembled themselves
together against the Israelites that were in their quarters, to destroy them;
but they fled to the fortress of Dathema.
] And sent letters unto
Judas and his brethren, The heathen that are round about us are assembled
together against us to destroy us:
] And they are preparing to come
and take the fortress whereunto we are fled, Timotheus being captain of their
] Come now therefore, and deliver us from their hands, for
many of us are slain:
] Yea, all our brethren that were in the
places of Tobie are put to death: their wives and their children also they have
carried away captives, and borne away their stuff; and they have destroyed there
about a thousand men.
] While these letters were yet reading,
behold, there came other messengers from Galilee with their clothes rent, who
reported on this wise,
] And said, They of Ptolemais, and of Tyrus,
and Sidon, and all Galilee of the Gentiles, are assembled together against us to
] Now when Judas and the people heard these words,
there assembled a great congregation together, to consult what they should do
for their brethren, that were in trouble, and assaulted of them.
Then said Judas unto Simon his brother, Choose thee out men, and go and deliver
thy brethren that are in Galilee, for I and Jonathan my brother will go into the
country of Galaad.
] So he left Joseph the son of Zacharias, and
Azarias, captains of the people, with the remnant of the host in Judea to keep
] Unto whom he gave commandment, saying, Take ye the charge of
this people, and see that ye make not war against the heathen until the time
that we come again.
] Now unto Simon were given three thousand men
to go into Galilee, and unto Judas eight thousand men for the country of
] Then went Simon into Galilee, where he fought many
battles with the heathen, so that the heathen were discomfited by
] And he pursued them unto the gate of Ptolemais; and there
were slain of the heathen about three thousand men, whose spoils he
] And those that were in Galilee, and in Arbattis, with their
wives and their children, and all that they had, took he away with him, and
brought them into Judea with great joy.
] Judas Maccabeus also and
his brother Jonathan went over Jordan, and travelled three days' journey in the
] Where they met with the Nabathites, who came unto
them in a peaceable manner, and told them every thing that had happened to their
brethren in the land of Galaad:
] And how that many of them were
shut up in Bosora, and Bosor, and Alema, Casphor, Maked, and Carnaim; all these
cities are strong and great:
] And that they were shut up in the
rest of the cities of the country of Galaad, and that against to morrow they had
appointed to bring their host against the forts, and to take them, and to
destroy them all in one day.
] Hereupon Judas and his host turned
suddenly by the way of the wilderness unto Bosora; and when he had won the city,
he slew all the males with the edge of the sword, and took all their spoils, and
burned the city with fire,
] From whence he removed by night, and
went till he came to the fortress.
] And betimes in the morning
they looked up, and, behold, there was an innumerable people bearing ladders and
other engines of war, to take the fortress: for they assaulted
] When Judas therefore saw that the battle was begun, and
that the cry of the city went up to heaven, with trumpets, and a great
] He said unto his host, Fight this day for your
] So he went forth behind them in three companies, who
sounded their trumpets, and cried with prayer.
] Then the host of
Timotheus, knowing that it was Maccabeus, fled from him: wherefore he smote them
with a great slaughter; so that there were killed of them that day about eight
] This done, Judas turned aside to Maspha; and after
he had assaulted it he took and slew all the males therein, and received the
spoils thereof and and burnt it with fire.
] From thence went he,
and took Casphon, Maged, Bosor, and the other cities of the country of
] After these things gathered Timotheus another host and
encamped against Raphon beyond the brook.
] So Judas sent men to
espy the host, who brought him word, saying, All the heathen that be round about
us are assembled unto them, even a very great host.
] He hath also
hired the Arabians to help them and they have pitched their tents beyond the
brook, ready to come and fight against thee. Upon this Judas went to meet
] Then Timotheus said unto the captains of his host, When
Judas and his host come near the brook, if he pass over first unto us, we shall
not be able to withstand him; for he will mightily prevail against
] But if he be afraid, and camp beyond the river, we shall go
over unto him, and prevail against him.
] Now when Judas came near
the brook, he caused the scribes of the people to remain by the brook: unto whom
he gave commandment, saying, Suffer no man to remain in the camp, but let all
come to the battle.
] So he went first over unto them, and all the
people after him: then all the heathen, being discomfited before him, cast away
their weapons, and fled unto the temple that was at Carnaim.
they took the city, and burned the temple with all that were therein. Thus was
Carnaim subdued, neither could they stand any longer before
] Then Judas gathered together all the Israelites that were
in the country of Galaad, from the least unto the greatest, even their wives,
and their children, and their stuff, a very great host, to the end they might
come into the land of Judea.
] Now when they came unto Ephron,
(this was a great city in the way as they should go, very well fortified) they
could not turn from it, either on the right hand or the left, but must needs
pass through the midst of it.
] Then they of the city shut them
out, and stopped up the gates with stones.
] Whereupon Judas sent
unto them in peaceable manner, saying, Let us pass through your land to go into
our own country, and none shall do you any hurt; we will only pass through on
foot: howbeit they would not open unto him.
] Wherefore Judas
commanded a proclamation to be made throughout the host, that every man should
pitch his tent in the place where he was.
] So the soldiers
pitched, and assaulted the city all that day and all that night, till at the
length the city was delivered into his hands:
] Who then slew all
the males with the edge of the sword, and rased the city, and took the spoils
thereof, and passed through the city over them that were slain.
After this went they over Jordan into the great plain before
] And Judas gathered together those that came behind, and
exhorted the people all the way through, till they came into the land of
] So they went up to mount Sion with joy and gladness, where
they offered burnt offerings, because not one of them were slain until they had
returned in peace.
] Now what time as Judas and Jonathan were in
the land of Galaad, and Simon his brother in Galilee before
] Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of
the garrisons, heard of the valiant acts and warlike deeds which they had
] Wherefore they said, Let us also get us a name, and go
fight against the heathen that are round about us.
] So when they
had given charge unto the garrison that was with them, they went toward
] Then came Gorgias and his men out of the city to fight
] And so it was, that Joseph and Azaras were put to
flight, and pursued unto the borders of Judea: and there were slain that day of
the people of Israel about two thousand men.
] Thus was there a
great overthrow among the children of Israel, because they were not obedient
unto Judas and his brethren, but thought to do some valiant act.
Moreover these men came not of the seed of those, by whose hand deliverance was
given unto Israel.
] Howbeit the man Judas and his brethren were
greatly renowned in the sight of all Israel, and of all the heathen, wheresoever
their name was heard of;
] Insomuch as the the people assembled
unto them with joyful acclamations.
] Afterward went Judas forth
with his brethren, and fought against the children of Esau in the land toward
the south, where he smote Hebron, and the towns thereof, and pulled down the
fortress of it, and burned the towers thereof round about.
thence he removed to go into the land of the Philistines, and passed through
] At that time certain priests, desirous to shew their
valour, were slain in battle, for that they went out to fight
] So Judas turned to Azotus in the land of the
Philistines, and when he had pulled down their altars, and burned their carved
images with fire, and spoiled their cities, he returned into the land of
] About that time king Antiochus travelling through the
high countries heard say, that Elymais in the country of Persia was a city
greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;
] And that there was
in it a very rich temple, wherein were coverings of gold, and breastplates, and
shields, which Alexander, son of Philip, the Macedonian king, who reigned first
among the Grecians, had left there.
] Wherefore he came and sought
to take the city, and to spoil it; but he was not able, because they of the
city, having had warning thereof,
] Rose up against him in battle:
so he fled, and departed thence with great heaviness, and returned to
] Moreover there came one who brought him tidings into
Persia, that the armies, which went against the land of Judea, were put to
] And that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power
was driven away of the Jews; and that they were made strong by the armour, and
power, and store of spoils, which they had gotten of the armies, whom they had
] Also that they had pulled down the abomination, which
he had set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed about the
sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city Bethsura.
when the king heard these words, he was astonished and sore moved: whereupon he
laid him down upon his bed, and fell sick for grief, because it had not befallen
him as he looked for.
] And there he continued many days: for his
grief was ever more and more, and he made account that he should
] Wherefore he called for all his friends, and said unto them,
The sleep is gone from mine eyes, and my heart faileth for very
] And I thought with myself, Into what tribulation am I come,
and how great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I was bountiful and
beloved in my power.
] But now I remember the evils that I did at
Jerusalem, and that I took all the vessels of gold and silver that were therein,
and sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a cause.
perceive therefore that for this cause these troubles are come upon me, and,
behold, I perish through great grief in a strange land.
called he for Philip, one of his friends, who he made ruler over all his
] And gave him the crown, and his robe, and his signet, to
the end he should bring up his son Antiochus, and nourish him up for the
] So king Antiochus died there in the hundred forty and
] Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set
up Antiochus his son, whom he had brought up being young, to reign in his stead,
and his name he called Eupator.
] About this time they that were in
the tower shut up the Israelites round about the sanctuary, and sought always
their hurt, and the strengthening of the heathen.
Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the people together to besiege
] So they came together, and besieged them in the hundred and
fiftieth year, and he made mounts for shot against them, and other
] Howbeit certain of them that were besieged got forth,
unto whom some ungodly men of Israel joined themselves:
] And they
went unto the king, and said, How long will it be ere thou execute judgment, and
avenge our brethren?
] We have been willing to serve thy father,
and to do as he would have us, and to obey his commandments;
which cause they of our nation besiege the tower, and are alienated from us:
moreover as many of us as they could light on they slew, and spoiled our
] Neither have they stretched out their hand against
us only, but also against their borders.
] And, behold, this day
are they besieging the tower at Jerusalem, to take it: the sanctuary also and
Bethsura have they fortified.
] Wherefore if thou dost not prevent
them quickly, they will do the greater things than these, neither shalt thou be
able to rule them.
] Now when the king heard this, he was angry,
and gathered together all his friends, and the captains of his army, and those
that had charge of the horse.
] There came also unto him from other
kingdoms, and from isles of the sea, bands of hired soldiers.
that the number of his army was an hundred thousand footmen, and twenty thousand
horsemen, and two and thirty elephants exercised in battle.
went through Idumea, and pitched against Bethsura, which they assaulted many
days, making engines of war; but they of Bethsura came out, and burned them with
fire, and fought valiantly.
] Upon this Judas removed from the
tower, and pitched in Bathzacharias, over against the king's
] Then the king rising very early marched fiercely with his
host toward Bathzacharias, where his armies made them ready to battle, and
sounded the trumpets.
] And to the end they might provoke the
elephants to fight, they shewed them the blood of grapes and
] Moreover they divided the beasts among the armies,
and for every elephant they appointed a thousand men, armed with coats of mail,
and with helmets of brass on their heads; and beside this, for every beast were
ordained five hundred horsemen of the best.
] These were ready at
every occasion: wheresoever the beast was, and whithersoever the beast went,
they went also, neither departed they from him.
] And upon the
beasts were there strong towers of wood, which covered every one of them, and
were girt fast unto them with devices: there were also upon every one two and
thirty strong men, that fought upon them, beside the Indian that ruled
] As for the remnant of the horsemen, they set them on this
side and that side at the two parts of the host giving them signs what to do,
and being harnessed all over amidst the ranks.
] Now when the sun
shone upon the shields of gold and brass, the mountains glistered therewith, and
shined like lamps of fire.
] So part of the king's army being
spread upon the high mountains, and part on the valleys below, they marched on
safely and in order.
] Wherefore all that heard the noise of their
multitude, and the marching of the company, and the rattling of the harness,
were moved: for the army was very great and mighty.
] Then Judas
and his host drew near, and entered into battle, and there were slain of the
king's army six hundred men.
] Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran,
perceiving that one of the beasts, armed with royal harness, was higher than all
the rest, and supposing that the king was upon him,
] Put himself
in jeopardy, to the end he might deliver his people, and get him a perpetual
] Wherefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of
the battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that they were divided
from him on both sides.
] Which done, he crept under the elephant,
and thrust him under, and slew him: whereupon the elephant fell down upon him,
and there he died.
] Howbeit the rest of the Jews seeing the
strength of the king, and the violence of his forces, turned away from
] Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and
the king pitched his tents against Judea, and against mount Sion.
But with them that were in Bethsura he made peace: for they came out of the
city, because they had no victuals there to endure the siege, it being a year of
rest to the land.
] So the king took Bethsura, and set a garrison
there to keep it.
] As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many days:
and set there artillery with engines and instruments to cast fire and stones,
and pieces to cast darts and slings.
] Whereupon they also made
engines against their engines, and held them battle a long
] Yet at the last, their vessels being without victuals,
(for that it was the seventh year, and they in Judea that were delivered from
the Gentiles, had eaten up the residue of the store;)
] There were
but a few left in the sanctuary, because the famine did so prevail against them,
that they were fain to disperse themselves, every man to his own
] At that time Lysias heard say, that Philip, whom Antiochus
the king, whiles he lived, had appointed to bring up his son Antiochus, that he
might be king,
] Was returned out of Persia and Media, and the
king's host also that went with him, and that he sought to take unto him the
ruling of the affairs.
] Wherefore he went in all haste, and said
to the king and the captains of the host and the company, We decay daily, and
our victuals are but small, and the place we lay siege unto is strong, and the
affairs of the kingdom lie upon us:
] Now therefore let us be
friends with these men, and make peace with them, and with all their
] And covenant with them, that they shall live after their
laws, as they did before: for they are therefore displeased, and have done all
these things, because we abolished their laws.
] So the king and
the princes were content: wherefore he sent unto them to make peace; and they
] Also the king and the princes made an oath unto
them: whereupon they went out of the strong hold.
] Then the king
entered into mount Sion; but when he saw the strength of the place, he broke his
oath that he had made, and gave commandment to pull down the wall round
] Afterward departed he in all haste, and returned unto
Antiochia, where he found Philip to be master of the city: so he fought against
him, and took the city by force.
] In the hundred and one and fiftieth year Demetrius the
son of Seleucus departed from Rome, and came up with a few men unto a city of
the sea coast, and reigned there.
] And as he entered into the
palace of his ancestors, so it was, that his forces had taken Antiochus and
Lysias, to bring them unto him.
] Wherefore, when he knew it, he
said, Let me not see their faces.
] So his host slew them. Now when
Demetrius was set upon the throne of his kingdom,
] There came unto
him all the wicked and ungodly men of Israel, having Alcimus, who was desirous
to be high priest, for their captain:
] And they accused the people
to the king, saying, Judas and his brethren have slain all thy friends, and
driven us out of our own land.
] Now therefore send some man whom
thou trustest, and let him go and see what havock he hath made among us, and in
the king's land, and let him punish them with all them that aid
] Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend of the king, who
ruled beyond the flood, and was a great man in the kingdom, and faithful to the
] And him he sent with that wicked Alcimus, whom he made high
priest, and commanded that he should take vengeance of the children of
] So they departed, and came with a great power into the
land of Judea, where they sent messengers to Judas and his brethren with
peaceable words deceitfully.
] But they gave no heed to their
words; for they saw that they were come with a great power.
did there assemble unto Alcimus and Bacchides a company of scribes, to require
] Now the Assideans were the first among the children of
Israel that sought peace of them:
] For said they, One that is a
priest of the seed of Aaron is come with this army, and he will do us no
] So he spake unto them, peaceably, and sware unto them,
saying, we will procure the harm neither of you nor your friends.
Whereupon they believed him: howbeit he took of them threescore men, and slew
them in one day, according to the words which he wrote,
] The flesh
of thy saints have they cast out, and their blood have they shed round about
Jerusalem, and there was none to bury them.
] Wherefore the fear
and dread of them fell upon all the people, who said, There is neither truth nor
righteousness in them; for they have broken the covenant and oath that they
] After this, removed Bacchides from Jerusalem, and pitched
his tents in Bezeth, where he sent and took many of the men that had forsaken
him, and certain of the people also, and when he had slain them, he cast them
into the great pit.
] Then committed he the country to Alcimus, and
left with him a power to aid him: so Bacchides went to the king.
But Alcimus contended for the high priesthood.
] And unto him
resorted all such as troubled the people, who, after they had gotten the land of
Juda into their power, did much hurt in Israel.
] Now when Judas
saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his company had done among the Israelites,
even above the heathen,
] He went out into all the coasts of Judea
round about, and took vengeance of them that had revolted from him, so that they
durst no more go forth into the country.
] On the other side, when
Alcimus saw that Judas and his company had gotten the upper hand, and knew that
he was not able to abide their force, he went again to the king, and said all
the worst of them that he could.
] Then the king sent Nicanor, one
of his honourable princes, a man that bare deadly hate unto Israel, with
commandment to destroy the people.
] So Nicanor came to Jerusalem
with a great force; and sent unto Judas and his brethren deceitfully with
friendly words, saying,
] Let there be no battle between me and
you; I will come with a few men, that I may see you in peace.
came therefore to Judas, and they saluted one another peaceably. Howbeit the
enemies were prepared to take away Judas by violence.
] Which thing
after it was known to Judas, to wit, that he came unto him with deceit, he was
sore afraid of him, and would see his face no more.
] Nicanor also,
when he saw that his counsel was discovered, went out to fight against Judas
] Where there were slain of Nicanor's side
about five thousand men, and the rest fled into the city of
] After this went Nicanor up to mount Sion, and there came
out of the sanctuary certain of the priests and certain of the elders of the
people, to salute him peaceably, and to shew him the burnt sacrifice that was
offered for the king.
] But he mocked them, and laughed at them,
and abused them shamefully, and spake proudly,
] And sware in his
wrath, saying, Unless Judas and his host be now delivered into my hands, if ever
I come again in safety, I will burn up this house: and with that he went out in
a great rage.
] Then the priests entered in, and stood before the
altar and the temple, weeping, and saying,
] Thou, O Lord, didst
choose this house to be called by thy name, and to be a house of prayer and
petition for thy people:
] Be avenged of this man and his host, and
let them fall by the sword: remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to
continue any longer.
] So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and
pitched his tents in Bethhoron, where an host out of Syria met
] But Judas pitched in Adasa with three thousand men, and
there he prayed, saying,
] O Lord, when they that were sent from
the king of the Assyrians blasphemed, thine angel went out, and smote an hundred
fourscore and five thousand of them.
] Even so destroy thou this
host before us this day, that the rest may know that he hath spoken
blasphemously against thy sanctuary, and judge thou him according to his
] So the thirteenth day of the month Adar the hosts
joined battle: but Nicanor's host was discomfited, and he himself was first
slain in the battle.
] Now when Nicanor's host saw that he was
slain, they cast away their weapons, and fled.
] Then they pursued
after them a day's journey, from Adasa unto Gazera, sounding an alarm after them
with their trumpets.
] Whereupon they came forth out of all the
towns of Judea round about, and closed them in; so that they, turning back upon
them that pursued them, were all slain with the sword, and not one of them was
] Afterwards they took the spoils, and the prey, and smote
off Nicanors head, and his right hand, which he stretched out so proudly, and
brought them away, and hanged them up toward Jerusalem.
] For this
cause the people rejoiced greatly, and they kept that day a day of great
] Moreover they ordained to keep yearly this day, being
the thirteenth of Adar.
] Thus the land of Juda was in rest a
] Now Judas had heard of the the Romans, that they were
mighty and valiant men, and such as would lovingly accept all that joined
themselves unto them, and make a league of amity with all that came unto
] And that they were men of great valour. It was told him also
of their wars and noble acts which they had done among the Galatians, and how
they had conquered them, and brought them under tribute;
] And what
they had done in the country of Spain, for the winning of the mines of the
silver and gold which is there;
] And that by their policy and
patience they had conquered all the place, though it were very far from them;
and the kings also that came against them from the uttermost part of the earth,
till they had discomfited them, and given them a great overthrow, so that the
rest did give them tribute every year:
] Beside this, how they had
discomfited in battle Philip, and Perseus, king of the Citims, with others that
lifted up themselves against them, and had overcome them:
] How also
Antiochus the great king of Asia, that came against them in battle, having an
hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and chariots, and a very great
army, was discomfited by them;
] And how they took him alive, and
covenanted that he and such as reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and
give hostages, and that which was agreed upon,
] And the country of
India, and Media and Lydia and of the goodliest countries, which they took of
him, and gave to king Eumenes:
] Moreover how the Grecians had
determined to come and destroy them;
] And that they, having
knowledge thereof sent against them a certain captain, and fighting with them
slew many of them, and carried away captives their wives and their children, and
spoiled them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled down their strong
holds, and brought them to be their servants unto this day:
was told him besides, how they destroyed and brought under their dominion all
other kingdoms and isles that at any time resisted them;
] But with
their friends and such as relied upon them they kept amity: and that they had
conquered kingdoms both far and nigh, insomuch as all that heard of their name
were afraid of them:
] Also that, whom they would help to a
kingdom, those reign; and whom again they would, they displace: finally, that
they were greatly exalted:
] Yet for all this none of them wore a
crown or was clothed in purple, to be magnified thereby:
how they had made for themselves a senate house, wherein three hundred and
twenty men sat in council daily, consulting alway for the people, to the end
they might be well ordered:
] And that they committed their
government to one man every year, who ruled over all their country, and that all
were obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy nor emmulation among
] In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the
son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent them to
Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy with them,
] And to
intreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for they saw that the
kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel with servitude.
went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey, and came into the
senate, where they spake and said.
] Judas Maccabeus with his
brethren, and the people of the Jews, have sent us unto you, to make a
confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be registered your
confederates and friends.
] So that matter pleased the Romans
] And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote
back again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there they might have
by them a memorial of peace and confederacy:
] Good success be to
the Romans, and to the people of the Jews, by sea and by land for ever: the
sword also and enemy be far from them,
] If there come first any
war upon the Romans or any of their confederates throughout all their
] The people of the Jews shall help them, as the time
shall be appointed, with all their heart:
] Neither shall they give
any thing unto them that make war upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons,
money, or ships, as it hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they shall keep
their covenants without taking any thing therefore.
] In the same
manner also, if war come first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans shall
help them with all their heart, according as the time shall be appointed
] Neither shall victuals be given to them that take part
against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to the
Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, and that without
] According to these articles did the Romans make a
covenant with the people of the Jews.
] Howbeit if hereafter the
one party or the other shall think to meet to add or diminish any thing, they
may do it at their pleasures, and whatsoever they shall add or take away shall
] And as touching the evils that Demetrius doeth to
the Jews, we have written unto him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke heavy
upon our friends and confederates the Jews?
] If therefore they
complain any more against thee, we will do them justice, and fight with thee by
sea and by land.
] Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his
host were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judea
the second time, and with them the chief strength of his host:
went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and pitched their tents before
Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had won it, they slew much
] Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year
they encamped before Jerusalem:
] From whence they removed, and went
to Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.
Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand chosen men with
] Who seeing the multitude of the other army to he so great
were sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host, insomuch
as abode of them no more but eight hundred men.
] When Judas
therefore saw that his host slipt away, and that the battle pressed upon him, he
was sore troubled in mind, and much distressed, for that he had no time to
gather them together.
] Nevertheless unto them that remained he
said, Let us arise and go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able
to fight with them.
] But they dehorted him, saying, We shall never
be able: let us now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our
brethren, and fight against them: for we are but few.
] Then Judas
said, God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee away from them: if our
time be come, let us die manfully for our brethren, and let us not stain our
] With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their
tents, and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two
troops, and their slingers and archers going before the host and they that
marched in the foreward were all mighty men.
] As for Bacchides, he
was in the right wing: so the host drew near on the two parts, and sounded their
] They also of Judas' side, even they sounded their
trumpets also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the
battle continued from morning till night.
] Now when Judas
perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army were on the right side, he
took with him all the hardy men,
] Who discomfited the right wing,
and pursued them unto the mount Azotus.
] But when they of the left
wing saw that they of the right wing were discomfited, they followed upon Judas
and those that were with him hard at the heels from behind:
Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were slain on both
] Judas also was killed, and the remnant
] THen Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and
buried him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.
they bewailed him, and all Israel made great lamentation for him, and mourned
many days, saying,
] How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered
] As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars,
and the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written: for
they were very many.
] Now after the death of Judas the wicked
began to put forth their heads in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose up
all such as wrought iniquity.
] In those days also was there a very
great famine, by reason whereof the country revolted, and went with
] Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of
] And they made enquiry and search for Judas' friends,
and brought them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used them
] So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like
whereof was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among
] For this cause all Judas' friends came together, and said
] Since thy brother Judas died, we have no man like
him to go forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of our
nation that are adversaries to us.
] Now therefore we have chosen
thee this day to be our prince and captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight
] Upon this Jonathan took the governance upon him at
that time, and rose up instead of his brother Judas.
] But when
Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to slay him
Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all that were with him, perceiving that,
fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched their tents by the water of the
] Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to
Jordan with all his host upon the sabbath day.
] Now Jonathan had
sent his brother John, a captain of the people, to pray his friends the
Nabathites, that they might leave with them their carriage, which was
] But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took
John, and all that he had, and went their way with it.
] After this
came word to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that the children of Jambri made a
great marriage, and were bringing the bride from Nadabatha with a great train,
as being the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan.
Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up, and hid themselves
under the covert of the mountain:
] Where they lifted up their
eyes, and looked, and, behold, there was much ado and great carriage: and the
bridegroom came forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums,
and instruments of musick, and many weapons.
] Then Jonathan and
they that were with him rose up against them from the place where they lay in
ambush, and made a slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and
the remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their
] Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise
of their melody into lamentation.
] So when they had avenged fully
the blood of their brother, they turned again to the marsh of
] Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath
day unto the banks of Jordan with a great power.
] Then Jonathan
said to his company, Let us go up now and fight for our lives, for it standeth
not with us to day, as in time past:
] For, behold, the battle is
before us and behind us, and the water of Jordan on this side and that side, the
marsh likewise and wood, neither is there place for us to turn
] Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered
from the hand of your enemies.
] With that they joined battle, and
Jonathan stretched forth his hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from
] Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan,
and swam over unto the other bank: howbeit the other passed not over Jordan unto
] So there were slain of Bacchides' side that day about a
] Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and
repaired the strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and
Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon, these did he
strengthen with high walls, with gates and with bars.
] And in them
he set a garrison, that they might work malice upon Israel.
fortified also the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the tower, and put forces in
them, and provision of victuals.
] Besides, he took the chief men's
sons in the country for hostages, and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be
] Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second
month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary
should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works of the
] And as he began to pull down, even at that time was
Alcimus plagued, and his enterprizes hindered: for his mouth was stopped, and he
was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak any thing, nor give order
concerning his house.
] So Alcimus died at that time with great
] Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he
returned to the king: whereupon the land of Judea was in rest two
] Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, Behold,
Jonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care: now therefore we
will bring Bacchides hither, who shall take them all in one
] So they went and consulted with him.
removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters privily to his
adherents in Judea, that they should take Jonathan and those that were with him:
howbeit they could not, because their counsel was known unto
] Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were
authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.
Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him, got them away to
Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they repaired the decays thereof, and
made it strong.
] Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered
together all his host, and sent word to them that were of Judea.
Then went he and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought against it a long
season and made engines of war.
] But Jonathan left his brother
Simon in the city, and went forth himself into the country, and with a certain
number went he forth.
] And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren,
and the children of Phasiron in their tent.
] And when he began to
smite them, and came up with his forces, Simon and his company went out of the
city, and burned up the engines of war,
] And fought against
Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and they afflicted him sore: for his
counsel and travail was in vain.
] Wherefore he was very wroth at
the wicked men that gave him counsel to come into the country, inasmuch as he
slew many of them, and purposed to return into his own country.
Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto him, to the end he
should make peace with him, and deliver them the prisoners.
thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and sware unto him that he
would never do him harm all the days of his life.
] When therefore
he had restored unto him the prisoners that he had taken aforetime out of the
land of Judea, he returned and went his way into his own land, neither came he
any more into their borders.
] Thus the sword ceased from Israel:
but Jonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed
the ungodly men out of Israel.
] In the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, the son
of Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais: for the people had
received him, by means whereof he reigned there,
] Now when king
Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together an exceeding great host, and went
forth against him to fight.
] Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto
Jonathan with loving words, so as he magnified him.
] For said he,
Let us first make peace with him, before he join with Alexander against
] Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against
him, and against his brethren and his people.
] Wherefore he gave
him authority to gather together an host, and to provide weapons, that he might
aid him in battle: he commanded also that the hostages that were in the tower
should be delivered him.
] Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and read
the letters in the audience of all the people, and of them that were in the
] Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had
given him authority to gather together an host.
] Whereupon they of
the tower delivered their hostages unto Jonathan, and he delivered them unto
] This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem,
and began to build and repair the city.
] And he commanded the
workmen to build the walls and the mount Sion and about with square stones for
fortification; and they did so.
] Then the strangers, that were in
the fortresses which Bacchides had built, fled away;
] Insomuch as
every man left his place, and went into his own country.
] Only at
Bethsura certain of those that had forsaken the law and the commandments
remained still: for it was their place of refuge.
] Now when king
Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had sent unto Jonathan: when also it
was told him of the battles and noble acts which he and his brethren had done,
and of the pains that they had endured,
] He said, Shall we find
such another man? now therefore we will make him our friend and
] Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him,
according to these words, saying,
] King Alexander to his brother
Jonathan sendeth greeting:
] We have heard of thee, that thou art a
man of great power, and meet to be our friend.
] Wherefore now this
day we ordain thee to be the high priest of thy nation, and to be called the
king's friend; (and therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:)
and require thee to take our part, and keep friendship with us.
So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the
tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and gathered together forces, and
provided much armour.
] Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very
sorry, and said,
] What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented
us in making amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?
] I also
will write unto them words of encouragement, and promise them dignities and
gifts, that I may have their aid.
] He sent unto them therefore to
this effect: King Demetrius unto the people of the Jews sendeth
] Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, and continued
in our friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have heard
hereof, and are glad.
] Wherefore now continue ye still to be
faithful unto us, and we will well recompense you for the things ye do in our
] And will grant you many immunities, and give you
] And now do I free you, and for your sake I release all
the Jews, from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from crown
] And from that which appertaineth unto me to receive for
the third part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it
from this day forth, so that they shall not be taken of the land of Judea, nor
of the three governments which are added thereunto out of the country of Samaria
and Galilee, from this day forth for evermore.
] Let Jerusalem also
be holy and free, with the borders thereof, both from tenths and
] And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up
authority over it, and give the high priest, that he may set in it such men as
he shall choose to keep it.
] Moreover I freely set at liberty
every one of the Jews, that were carried captives out of the land of Judea into
any part of my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes even
of their cattle.
] Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and
sabbaths, and new moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast,
and the three days after the feast shall be all of immunity and freedom for all
the Jews in my realm.
] Also no man shall have authority to meddle
with or to molest any of them in any matter.
] I will further, that
there be enrolled among the king's forces about thirty thousand men of the Jews,
unto whom pay shall be given, as belongeth to all king's forces.
And of them some shall be placed in the king's strong holds, of whom also some
shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom, which are of trust: and I will
that their overseers and governors be of themselves, and that they live after
their own laws, even as the king hath commanded in the land of
] And concerning the three governments that are added to
Judea from the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that they may
be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey other authority than the high
] As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I
give it as a free gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary expences
of the sanctuary.
] Moreover I give every year fifteen thousand
shekels of silver out of the king's accounts from the places
] And all the overplus, which the officers payed not
in as in former time, from henceforth shall be given toward the works of the
] And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver,
which they took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year by year,
even those things shall be released, because they appertain to the priests that
] And whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at
Jerusalem, or be within the liberties hereof, being indebted unto the king, or
for any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that they have in my
] For the building also and repairing of the works of the
sanctuary expences shall be given of the king's accounts.
and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the fortifying thereof round
about, expences shall be given out of the king's accounts, as also for the
building of the walls in Judea.
] Now when Jonathan and the people
heard these words, they gave no credit unto them, nor received them, because
they remembered the great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted
them very sore.
] But with Alexander they were well pleased,
because he was the first that entreated of true peace with them, and they were
confederate with him always.
] Then gathered king Alexander great
forces, and camped over against Demetrius.
] And after the two
kings had joined battle, Demetrius' host fled: but Alexander followed after him,
and prevailed against them.
] And he continued the battle very sore
until the sun went down: and that day was Demetrius slain.
Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of Egypt with a message to
] Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set
in the throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and overthrown
Demetrius, and recovered our country;
] For after I had joined
battle with him, both he and his host was discomfited by us, so that we sit in
the throne of his kingdom:
] Now therefore let us make a league of
amity together, and give me now thy daughter to wife: and I will be thy son in
law, and will give both thee and her as according to thy dignity.
Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, saying, Happy be the day wherein thou didst
return into the land of thy fathers, and satest in the throne of their
] And now will I do to thee, as thou hast written: meet me
therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will marry my
daughter to thee according to thy desire.
] So Ptolemee went out of
Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra, and they came unto Ptolemais in the hundred
threescore and second year:
] Where king Alexander meeting him, he
gave unto him his daughter Cleopatra, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais
with great glory, as the manner of kings is.
] Now king Alexander
had written unto Jonathan, that he should come and meet him.
thereupon went honourably to Ptolemais, where he met the two kings, and gave
them and their friends silver and gold, and many presents, and found favour in
] At that time certain pestilent fellows of Israel,
men of a wicked life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him: but the
king would not hear them.
] Yea more than that, the king commanded
to take off his garments, and clothe him in purple: and they did
] And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, Go
with him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that no man complain
against him of any matter, and that no man trouble him for any manner of
] Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to
the proclamation, and clothed in purple, they fled all away.
the king honoured him, and wrote him among his chief friends, and made him a
duke, and partaker of his dominion.
] Afterward Jonathan returned
to Jerusalem with peace and gladness.
] Furthermore in the; hundred
threescore and fifth year came Demetrius son of Demetrius out of Crete into the
land of his fathers:
] Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he
was right sorry, and returned into Antioch.
] Then Demetrius made
Apollonius the governor of Celosyria his general, who gathered together a great
host, and camped in Jamnia, and sent unto Jonathan the high priest,
] Thou alone liftest up thyself against us, and I am
laughed to scorn for thy sake, and reproached: and why dost thou vaunt thy power
against us in the mountains?
] Now therefore, if thou trustest in
thine own strength, come down to us into the plain field, and there let us try
the matter together: for with me is the power of the cities.
and learn who I am, and the rest that take our part, and they shall tell thee
that thy foot is not able to to flight in their own land.
Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to abide the horsemen and so great a power
in the plain, where is neither stone nor flint, nor place to flee
] So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was
moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men he went out of Jerusalem, where
Simon his brother met him for to help him.
] And he pitched his
tents against Joppa: but; they of Joppa shut him out of the city, because
Apollonius had a garrison there.
] Then Jonathan laid siege unto
it: whereupon they of the city let him in for fear: and so Jonathan won
] Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand
horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as one that
journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the plain. because he had a great
number of horsemen, in whom he put his trust.
] Then Jonathan
followed after him to Azotus, where the armies joined battle.
Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.
] And Jonathan
knew that there was an ambushment behind him; for they had compassed in his
host, and cast darts at the people, from morning till evening.
But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them: and so the enemies'
horses were tired.
] Then brought Simon forth his host, and set
them against the footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by
him, and fled.
] The horsemen also, being scattered in the field,
fled to Azotus, and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for
] But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round
about it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them that were
fled into it, he burned with fire.
] Thus there were burned and
slain with the sword well nigh eight thousand men.
] And from
thence Jonathan removed his host, and camped against Ascalon, where the men of
the city came forth, and met him with great pomp.
] After this
returned Jonathan and his host unto Jerusalem, having any spoils.
Now when king ALexander heard these things, he honoured Jonathan yet
] And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to
such as are of the king's blood: he gave him also Accaron with the borders
thereof in possession.
] And the king of Egypt gathered together a great host,
like the sand that lieth upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went about
through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and join it to his own.
Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in peaceable manner, so as they of the
cities opened unto him, and met him: for king Alexander had commanded them so to
do, because he was his brother in law.
] Now as Ptolemee entered
into the cities, he set in every one of them a garrison of soldiers to keep
] And when he came near to Azotus, they shewed him the temple of
Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed,
and the bodies that were cast abroad and them that he had burnt in the battle;
for they had made heaps of them by the way where he should pass.
Also they told the king whatsoever Jonathan had done, to the intent he might
blame him: but the king held his peace.
] Then Jonathan met the king
with great pomp at Joppa, where they saluted one another, and
] Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the
river called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.
Ptolemee therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities by the sea unto
Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked counsels against
] Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto king Demetrius,
saying, Come, let us make a league betwixt us, and I will give thee my daughter
whom Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in thy father's
] For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he
sought to slay me.
] Thus did he slander him, because he was
desirous of his kingdom.
] Wherefore he took his daughter from him,
and gave her to Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was
] Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch, where he set
two crowns upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.
] In the
mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because those that dwelt in those
parts had revolted from him.
] But when Alexander heard of this, he
came to war against him: whereupon king Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met
him with a mighty power, and put him to flight.
] So Alexander fled
into Arabia there to be defended; but king Ptolemee was exalted:
For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent it unto
] King Ptolemee also died the third day after, and they
that were in the strong holds were slain one of another.
] By this
means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and seventh
] At the same time Jonathan gathered together them that were
in Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem: and he made many engines of
war against it.
] Then came ungodly persons, who hated their own
people, went unto the king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the
] Whereof when he heard, he was angry, and immediately
removing, he came to Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he should not lay
siege to the tower, but come and speak with him at Ptolemais in great
] Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to
besiege it still: and he chose certain of the elders of Israel and the priests,
and put himself in peril;
] And took silver and gold, and raiment,
and divers presents besides, and went to Ptolemais unto the king, where he found
favour in his sight.
] And though certain ungodly men of the people
had made complaints against him,
] Yet the king entreated him as
his predecessors had done before, and promoted him in the sight of all his
] And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the
honours that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief
] Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea
free from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of Samaria;
and he promised him three hundred talents.
] So the king consented,
and wrote letters unto Jonathan of all these things after this
] King Demetrius unto his brother Jonathan, and unto the
nation of the Jews, sendeth greeting:
] We send you here a copy of
the letter which we did write unto our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that ye
might see it.
] King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sendeth
] We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews,
who are our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their good will
] Wherefore we have ratified unto them the borders of
Judea, with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem, that are
added unto Judea from the country of Samaria, and all things appertaining unto
them, for all such as do sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the payments which
the king received of them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of
] And as for other things that belong unto us, of the tithes
and customs pertaining unto us, as also the saltpits, and the crown taxes, which
are due unto us, we discharge them of them all for their relief.
And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for
] Now therefore see that thou make a copy of these things,
and let it be delivered unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount in a
] After this, when king Demetrius saw that the
land was quiet before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent
away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain bands of
strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the heathen: wherefore all the
forces of his fathers hated him.
] Moreover there was one Tryphon,
that had been of Alexander's part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured
against Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian that brought up Antiochus the
young son of Alexander,
] And lay sore upon him to deliver him this
young Antiochus, that he might reign in his father's stead: he told him
therefore all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at enmity
with him, and there he remained a long season.
] In the mean time
Jonathan sent unto king Demetrius, that he would cast those of the tower out of
Jerusalem, and those also in the fortresses: for they fought against
] So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, I will not only
do this for thee and thy people, but I will greatly honour thee and thy nation,
if opportunity serve.
] Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou
send me men to help me; for all my forces are gone from me.
this Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto Antioch: and when they
came to the king, the king was very glad of their coming.
they that were of the city gathered themselves together into the midst of the
city, to the number of an hundred and twenty thousand men, and would have slain
] Wherefore the king fled into the court, but they of the
city kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.
] Then the
king called to the Jews for help, who came unto him all at once, and dispersing
themselves through the city slew that day in the city to the number of an
] Also they set fire on the city, and gat many
spoils that day, and delivered the king.
] So when they of the city
saw that the Jews had got the city as they would, their courage was abated:
wherefore they made supplication to the king, and cried, saying,
Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and the
] With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and
the Jews were honoured in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all that
were in his realm; and they returned to Jerusalem, having great
] So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and
the land was quiet before him.
] Nevertheless he dissembled in all
that ever he spake, and estranged himself from Jonathan, neither rewarded he him
according to the benefits which he had received of him, but troubled him very
] After this returned Tryphon, and with him the young child
Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.
] Then there gathered unto
him all the men of war, whom Demetrius had put away, and they fought against
Demetrius, who turned his back and fled.
] Moreover Tryphon took
the elephants, and won Antioch.
] At that time young Antiochus
wrote unto Jonathan, saying, I confirm thee in the high priesthood, and appoint
thee ruler over the four governments, and to be one of the king's
] Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in,
and gave him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear a
] His brother Simon also he made captain from the
place called The ladder of Tyrus unto the borders of Egypt.
Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond the water, and all the
forces of Syria gathered themselves unto him for to help him: and when he came
to Ascalon, they of the city met him honourably.
] From whence he
went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out; wherefore he laid siege unto it,
and burned the suburbs thereof with fire, and spoiled them.
Afterward, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Jonathan, he made peace with
them, and took the sons of their chief men for hostages, and sent them to
Jerusalem, and passed through the country unto Damascus.
] Now when
Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes were come to Cades, which is in Galilee,
with a great power, purposing to remove him out of the country,
He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the country.
Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it a long season, and
shut it up:
] But they desired to have peace with him, which he
granted them, and then put them out from thence, and took the city, and set a
garrison in it.
] As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the
water of Gennesar, from whence betimes in the morning they gat them to the plain
] And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the
plain, who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came themselves
over against him.
] So when they that lay in ambush rose out of
their places and joined battle, all that were of Jonathan's side
] Insomuch as there was not one of them left, except
Mattathias the son of Absalom, and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of the
] Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his
head, and prayed.
] Afterwards turning again to battle, he put them
to flight, and so they ran away.
] Now when his own men that were
fled saw this, they turned again unto him, and with him pursued them to Cades,
even unto their own tents, and there they camped.
] So there were
slain of the heathen that day about three thousand men: but Jonathan returned to
] Now when Jonathan saw that time served him, he chose
certain men, and sent them to Rome, for to confirm and renew the friendship that
they had with them.
] He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, and
to other places, for the same purpose.
] So they went unto Rome, and
entered into the senate, and said, Jonathan the high priest, and the people of
the Jews, sent us unto you, to the end ye should renew the friendship, which ye
had with them, and league, as in former time.
] Upon this the Romans
gave them letters unto the governors of every place that they should bring them
into the land of Judea peaceably.
] And this is the copy of the
letters which Jonathan wrote to the Lacedemonians:
] Jonathan the
high priest, and the elders of the nation, and the priests, and the other of the
Jews, unto the Lacedemonians their brethren send greeting:
were letters sent in times past unto Onias the high priest from Darius, who
reigned then among you, to signify that ye are our brethren, as the copy here
underwritten doth specify.
] At which time Onias entreated the
ambassador that was sent honourably, and received the letters, wherein
declaration was made of the league and friendship.
] Therefore we
also, albeit we need none of these things, that we have the holy books of
scripture in our hands to comfort us,
] Have nevertheless attempted
to send unto you for the renewing of brotherhood and friendship, lest we should
become strangers unto you altogether: for there is a long time passed since ye
sent unto us.
] We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in
our feasts, and other convenient days, do remember you in the sacrifices which
we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and as it becometh us to think upon
] And we are right glad of your
] As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on
every side, forsomuch as the kings that are round about us have fought against
] Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others
of our confederates and friends, in these wars:
] For we have help
from heaven that succoureth us, so as we are delivered from our enemies, and our
enemies are brought under foot.
] For this cause we chose Numenius
the son of Antiochus, and Antipater he son of Jason, and sent them unto the
Romans, to renew the amity that we had with them, and the former
] We commanded them also to go unto you, and to salute and
to deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our
] Wherefore now ye shall do well to give us an answer
] And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares
] Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest,
] It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews
are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham:
therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, ye shall do well to write unto
us of your prosperity.
] We do write back again to you, that your
cattle and goods are our's, and our's are your's We do command therefore our
ambassadors to make report unto you on this wise.
] Now when
Jonathan heard that Demebius' princes were come to fight against him with a
greater host than afore,
] He removed from Jerusalem, and met them
in the land of Amathis: for he gave them no respite to enter his
] He sent spies also unto their tents, who came again, and
told him that they were appointed to come upon them in the night
] Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, Jonathan commanded
his men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they might be ready
to fight: also he sent forth centinels round about the host.
when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, they
feared, and trembled in their hearts, and they kindled fires in their
] Howbeit Jonathan and his company knew it not till the
morning: for they saw the lights burning.
] Then Jonathan pursued
after them, but overtook them not: for they were gone over the river
] Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were
called Zabadeans, and smote them, and took their spoils.
removing thence, he came to Damascus, and so passed through all the
] Simon also went forth, and passed through the country
unto Ascalon, and the holds there adjoining, from whence he turned aside to
Joppa, and won it.
] For he had heard that they would deliver the
hold unto them that took Demetrius' part; wherefore he set a garrison there to
] After this came Jonathan home again, and calling the
elders of the people together, he consulted with them about building strong
holds in Judea,
] And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and
raising a great mount between the tower and the city, for to separate it from
the city, that so it might be alone, that men might neither sell nor buy in
] Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch
as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen down, and they
repaired that which was called Caphenatha.
] Simon also set up
Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with gates and bars.
Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill Antiochus the king,
that he might set the crown upon his own head.
] Howbeit he was
afraid that Jonathan would not suffer him, and that he would fight against him;
wherefore he sought a way how to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So he
removed, and came to Bethsan.
] Then Jonathan went out to meet him
with forty thousand men chosen for the battle, and came to
] Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan came with so great a
force, he durst not stretch his hand against him;
] But received
him honourably, and commended him unto all his friends, and gave him gifts, and
commanded his men of war to be as obedient unto him, as to
] Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast thou brought all
this people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war betwixt
] Therefore send them now home again, and choose a few men to
wait on thee, and come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it thee, and
the rest of the strong holds and forces, and all that have any charge: as for
me, I will return and depart: for this is the cause of my coming.
So Jonathan believing him did as he bade him, and sent away his host, who went
into the land of Judea.
] And with himself he retained but three
thousand men, of whom he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went
] Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of
Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all them that came with him they slew
with the sword.
] Then sent Tryphon an host of footmen and horsemen
into Galilee, and into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's
] But when they knew that Jonathan and they that were with
him were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went close together,
prepared to fight.
] They therefore that followed upon them,
perceiving that they were ready to fight for their lives, turned back
] Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably,
and there they bewailed Jonathan, and them that were with him, and they were
sore afraid; wherefore all Israel made great lamentation.
all the heathen that were round about then sought to destroy them: for said
they, They have no captain, nor any to help them: now therefore let us make war
upon them, and take away their memorial from among men.
] Now when Simon heard that Tryphon had gathered
together a great host to invade the land of Judea, and destroy it,
And saw that the people was in great trembling and fear, he went up to
Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,
] And gave them
exhortation, saying, Ye yourselves know what great things I, and my brethren,
and my father's house, have done for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles
also and troubles which we have seen.
] By reason whereof all my
brethren are slain for Israel's sake, and I am left alone.
therefore be it far from me, that I should spare mine own life in any time of
trouble: for I am no better than my brethren.
] Doubtless I will
avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our wives, and our children: for all
the heathen are gathered to destroy us of very malice.
] Now as soon
as the people heard these words, their spirit revived.
] And they
answered with a loud voice, saying, Thou shalt be our leader instead of Judas
and Jonathan thy brother.
] Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever,
thou commandest us, that will we do.
] So then he gathered together
all the men of war, and made haste to finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he
fortified it round about.
] Also he sent Jonathan the son of
Absolom, and with him a great power, to Joppa: who casting out them that were
therein remained there in it.
] So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus
with a great power to invade the land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in
] But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the
] Now when Tryphon knew that Simon was risen up instead of
his brother Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent messengers unto
] Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it is
for money that he is owing unto the king's treasure, concerning the business
that was committed unto him.
] Wherefore now send an hundred
talents of silver, and two of his sons for hostages, that when he is at liberty
he may not revolt from us, and we will let him go.
Simon, albeit he perceived that they spake deceitfully unto him yet sent he the
money and the children, lest peradventure he should procure to himself great
hatred of the people:
] Who might have said, Because I sent him not
the money and the children, therefore is Jonathan dead.
] So he
sent them the children and the hundred talents: howbeit Tryphon dissembled
neither would he let Jonathan go.
] And after this came Tryphon to
invade the land, and destroy it, going round about by the way that leadeth unto
Adora: but Simon and his host marched against him in every place, wheresoever he
] Now they that were in the tower sent messengers unto
Tryphon, to the end that he should hasten his coming unto them by the
wilderness, and send them victuals.
] Wherefore Tryphon made ready
all his horsemen to come that night: but there fell a very great snow, by reason
whereof he came not. So he departed, and came into the country of
] And when he came near to Bascama he slew Jonathan, who
was buried there.
] Afterward Tryphon returned and went into his
] Then sent Simon, and took the bones of Jonathan his
brother, and buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.
all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed him many
] Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his
father and his brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stone
behind and before.
] Moreover he set up seven pyramids, one against
another, for his father, and his mother, and his four brethren.
And in these he made cunning devices, about the which he set great pillars, and
upon the pillars he made all their armour for a perpetual memory, and by the
armour ships carved, that they might be seen of all that sail on the
] This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it
standeth yet unto this day.
] Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with
the young king Antiochus, and slew him.
] And he reigned in his
stead, and crowned himself king of Asia, and brought a great calamity upon the
] Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced
them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid up
] Moreover Simon chose men, and sent to king
Demetrius, to the end he should give the land an immunity, because all that
Tryphon did was to spoil.
] Unto whom king Demetrius answered and
wrote after this manner:
] King Demetrius unto Simon the high
priest, and friend of kings, as also unto the elders and nation of the Jews,
] The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which
ye sent unto us, we have received: and we are ready to make a stedfast peace
with you, yea, and to write unto our officers, to confirm the immunities which
we have granted.
] And whatsoever covenants we have made with you
shall stand; and the strong holds, which ye have builded, shall be your
] As for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we
forgive it, and the crown tax also, which ye owe us: and if there were any other
tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no more be paid.
] And look who
are meet among you to be in our court, let then be enrolled, and let there be
peace betwixt us.
] Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away
from Israel in the hundred and seventieth year.
] Then the people
of Israel began to write in their instruments and contracts, In the first year
of Simon the high priest, the governor and leader of the Jews.
those days Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round about; he made also
an engine of war, and set it by the city, and battered a certain tower, and took
] And they that were in the engine leaped into the city;
whereupon there was a great uproar in the city:
] Insomuch as the
people of the city rent their clothes, and climbed upon the walls with their
wives and children, and cried with a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them
] And they said, Deal not with us according to our
wickedness, but according to thy mercy.
] So Simon was appeased
toward them, and fought no more against them, but put them out of the city, and
cleansed the houses wherein the idols were, and so entered into it with songs
] Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, and
placed such men there as would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was
before, and built therein a dwellingplace for himself.
] They also
of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that they could neither come
forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, nor sell: wherefore they were in great
distress for want of victuals, and a great number of them perished through
] Then cried they to Simon, beseeching him to be at one
with them: which thing he granted them; and when he had put them out from
thence, he cleansed the tower from pollutions:
] And entered into
it the three and twentieth day of the second month in the hundred seventy and
first year, with thanksgiving, and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and
cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and songs: because there was destroyed a
great enemy out of Israel.
] He ordained also that that day should
be kept every year with gladness. Moreover the hill of the temple that was by
the tower he made stronger than it was, and there he dwelt himself with his
] And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man,
he made him captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.
] Now in the hundred threescore and twelfth year king
Demetrius gathered his forces together, and went into Media to get him help to
fight against Tryphone.
] But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and
Media, heard that Demetrius was entered within his borders, he sent one of his
princes to take him alive:
] Who went and smote the host of
Demetrius, and took him, and brought him to Arsaces, by whom he was put in
] As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all the days of
Simon; for he sought the good of his nation in such wise, as that evermore his
authority and honour pleased them well.
] And as he was honourable
in all his acts, so in this, that he took Joppa for an haven, and made an
entrance to the isles of the sea,
] And enlarged the bounds of his
nation, and recovered the country,
] And gathered together a great
number of captives, and had the dominion of Gazera, and Bethsura, and the tower,
out of the which he took all uncleaness, neither was there any that resisted
] Then did they till their ground in peace, and the earth gave
her increase, and the trees of the field their fruit.
] The ancient
men sat all in the streets, communing together of good things, and the young men
put on glorious and warlike apparel.
] He provided victuals for the
cities, and set in them all manner of munition, so that his honourable name was
renowned unto the end of the world.
] He made peace in the land,
and Israel rejoiced with great joy:
] For every man sat under his
vine and his fig tree, and there was none to fray them:
was there any left in the land to fight against them: yea, the kings themselves
were overthrown in those days.
] Moreover he strengthened all those
of his people that were brought low: the law he searched out; and every
contemner of the law and wicked person he took away.
beautified the sanctuary, and multiplied vessels of the temple.
Now when it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that Jonathan was dead,
they were very sorry.
] But as soon as they heard that his brother
Simon was made high priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities
] They wrote unto him in tables of brass, to renew the
friendship and league which they had made with Judas and Jonathan his
] Which writings were read before the congregation at
] And this is the copy of the letters that the
Lacedemonians sent; The rulers of the Lacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon
the high priest, and the elders, and priests, and residue of the people of the
Jews, our brethren, send greeting:
] The ambassadors that were sent
unto our people certified us of your glory and honour: wherefore we were glad of
] And did register the things that they spake in the
council of the people in this manner; Numenius son of Antiochus, and Antipater
son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, came unto us to renew the friendship they
had with us.
] And it pleased the people to entertain the men
honourably, and to put the copy of their ambassage in publick records, to the
end the people of the Lacedemonians might have a memorial thereof: furthermore
we have written a copy thereof unto Simon the high priest.
this Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of gold of a thousand pound
weight to confirm the league with them.
] Whereof when the people
heard, they said, What thanks shall we give to Simon and his
] For he and his brethren and the house of his father have
established Israel, and chased away in fight their enemies from them, and
confirmed their liberty.
] So then they wrote it in tables of
brass, which they set upon pillars in mount Sion: and this is the copy of the
writing; The eighteenth day of the month Elul, in the hundred threescore and
twelfth year, being the third year of Simon the high priest,
Saramel in the great congregation of the priests, and people, and rulers of the
nation, and elders of the country, were these things notified unto
] Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been wars in the country,
wherein for the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law, Simon the son of
Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib, together with his brethren, put
themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the enemies of their nation did their
nation great honour:
] (For after that Jonathan, having gathered
his nation together, and been their high priest, was added to his
] Their enemies prepared to invade their country, that they
might destroy it, and lay hands on the sanctuary:
] At which time
Simon rose up, and fought for his nation, and spent much of his own substance,
and armed the valiant men of his nation and gave them wages,
fortified the cities of Judea, together with Bethsura, that lieth upon the
borders of Judea, where the armour of the enemies had been before; but he set a
garrison of Jews there:
] Moreover he fortified Joppa, which lieth
upon the sea, and Gazera, that bordereth upon Azotus, where the enemies had
dwelt before: but he placed Jews there, and furnished them with all things
convenient for the reparation thereof.)
] The people therefore sang
the acts of Simon, and unto what glory he thought to bring his nation, made him
their governor and chief priest, because he had done all these things, and for
the justice and faith which he kept to his nation, and for that he sought by all
means to exalt his people.
] For in his time things prospered in
his hands, so that the heathen were taken out of their country, and they also
that were in the city of David in Jerusalem, who had made themselves a tower,
out of which they issued, and polluted all about the sanctuary, and did much
hurt in the holy place:
] But he placed Jews therein. and fortified
it for the safety of the country and the city, and raised up the walls of
] King Demetrius also confirmed him in the high
priesthood according to those things,
] And made him one of his
friends, and honoured him with great honour.
] For he had heard
say, that the Romans had called the Jews their friends and confederates and
brethren; and that they had entertained the ambassadors of Simon
] Also that the Jews and priests were well pleased that
Simon should be their governor and high priest for ever, until there should
arise a faithful prophet;
] Moreover that he should be their
captain, and should take charge of the sanctuary, to set them over their works,
and over the country, and over the armour, and over the fortresses, that, I say,
he should take charge of the sanctuary;
] Beside this, that he
should be obeyed of every man, and that all the writings in the country should
be made in his name, and that he should be clothed in purple, and wear
] Also that it should be lawful for none of the people or
priests to break any of these things, or to gainsay his words, or to gather an
assembly in the country without him, or to be clothed in purple, or wear a
buckle of gold;
] And whosoever should do otherwise, or break any
of these things, he should be punished.
] Thus it liked all the
people to deal with Simon, and to do as hath been said.
Simon accepted hereof, and was well pleased to be high priest, and captain and
governor of the Jews and priests, and to defend them all.
] So they
commanded that this writing should be put in tables of brass, and that they
should be set up within the compass of the sanctuary in a conspicuous
] Also that the copies thereof should be laid up in the
treasury, to the end that Simon and his sons might have them.
] Moreover Antiochus son of Demetrius the king sent
letters from the isles of the sea unto Simon the priest and prince of the Jews,
and to all the people;
] The contents whereof were these: King
Antiochus to Simon the high priest and prince of his nation, and to the people
of the Jews, greeting:
] Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have
usurped the kingdom of our fathers, and my purpose is to challenge it again,
that I may restore it to the old estate, and to that end have gathered a
multitude of foreign soldiers together, and prepared ships of war;
My meaning also being to go through the country, that I may be avenged of them
that have destroyed it, and made many cities in the kingdom
] Now therefore I confirm unto thee all the oblations
which the kings before me granted thee, and whatsoever gifts besides they
] I give thee leave also to coin money for thy country with
thine own stamp.
] And as concerning Jerusalem and the sanctuary,
let them be free; and all the armour that thou hast made, and fortresses that
thou hast built, and keepest in thine hands, let them remain unto
] And if anything be, or shall be, owing to the king, let it
be forgiven thee from this time forth for evermore.
when we have obtained our kingdom, we will honour thee, and thy nation, and thy
temple, with great honour, so that your honour shall be known throughout the
] In the hundred threescore and fourteenth year went
Antiochus into the land of his fathers: at which time all the forces came
together unto him, so that few were left with Tryphon.
being pursued by king Antiochus, he fled unto Dora, which lieth by the sea
] For he saw that troubles came upon him all at once, and
that his forces had forsaken him.
] Then camped Antiochus against
Dora, having with him an hundred and twenty thousand men of war, and eight
] And when he had compassed the city round
about, and joined ships close to the town on the sea side, he vexed the city by
land and by sea, neither suffered he any to go out or in.
] In the
mean season came Numenius and his company from Rome, having letters to the kings
and countries; wherein were written these things:
] Lucius, consul
of the Romans unto king Ptolemee, greeting:
] The Jews'
ambassadors, our friends and confederates, came unto us to renew the old
friendship and league, being sent from Simon the high priest, and from the
people of the Jews:
] And they brought a shield of gold of a
] We thought it good therefore to write unto the
kings and countries, that they should do them no harm, nor fight against them,
their cities, or countries, nor yet aid their enemies against
] It seemed also good to us to receive the shield of
] If therefore there be any pestilent fellows, that have fled
from their country unto you, deliver them unto Simon the high priest, that he
may punish them according to their own law.
] The same things wrote
he likewise unto Demetrius the king, and Attalus, to Ariarathes, and
] And to all the countries and to Sampsames, and the
Lacedemonians, and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and Samos, and
Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Halicarnassus, and Rhodus, and Aradus, and Cos, and
Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna, and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and
] And the copy hereof they wrote to Simon the high
] So Antiochus the king camped against Dora the second day,
assaulting it continually, and making engines, by which means he shut up
Tryphon, that he could neither go out nor in.
] At that time Simon
sent him two thousand chosen men to aid him; silver also, and gold, and much
] Nevertheless he would not receive them, but brake all the
covenants which he had made with him afore, and became strange unto
] Furthermore he sent unto him Athenobius, one of his friends,
to commune with him, and say, Ye withhold Joppa and Gazera; with the tower that
is in Jerusalem, which are cities of my realm.
] The borders
thereof ye have wasted, and done great hurt in the land, and got the dominion of
many places within my kingdom.
] Now therefore deliver the cities
which ye have taken, and the tributes of the places, whereof ye have gotten
dominion without the borders of Judea:
] Or else give me for them
five hundred talents of silver; and for the harm that ye have done, and the
tributes of the cities, other five hundred talents: if not, we will come and
fight against you
] So Athenobius the king's friend came to
Jerusalem: and when he saw the glory of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and
silver plate, and his great attendance, he was astonished, and told him the
] Then answered Simon, and said unto him, We have
neither taken other men's land, nor holden that which appertaineth to others,
but the inheritance of our fathers, which our enemies had wrongfully in
possession a certain time.
] Wherefore we, having opportunity, hold
the inheritance of our fathers.
] And whereas thou demandest Joppa
and Gazera, albeit they did great harm unto the people in our country, yet will
we give thee an hundred talents for them. Hereunto Athenobius answered him not a
] But returned in a rage to the king, and made report unto
him of these speeches, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he had seen:
whereupon the king was exceeding wroth.
] In the mean time fled
Tryphon by ship unto Orthosias.
] Then the king made Cendebeus
captain of the sea coast, and gave him an host of footmen and
] And commanded him to remove his host toward Judea; also
he commanded him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and to war
against the people; but as for the king himself, he pursued
] So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began to provoke the
people and to invade Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay
] And when he had built up Cedrou, he set horsemen there, and
an host of footmen, to the end that issuing out they might make outroads upon
the ways of Judea, as the king had commanded him.
] Then came up John from Gazera, and told Simon his
father what Cendebeus had done.
] Wherefore Simon called his two
eldest sons, Judas and John, and said unto them, I, and my brethren, and my
father's house, have ever from my youth unto this day fought against the enemies
of Israel; and things have prospered so well in our hands, that we have
delivered Israel oftentimes.
] But now I am old, and ye, by God's
mercy, are of a sufficient age: be ye instead of me and my brother, and go and
fight for our nation, and the help from heaven be with you.
] So he
chose out of the country twenty thousand men of war with horsemen, who went out
against Cendebeus, and rested that night at Modin.
] And when as
they rose in the morning, and went into the plain, behold, a mighty great host
both of footmen and horsemen came against them: howbeit there was a water brook
] So he and his people pitched over against them: and
when he saw that the people were afraid to go over the water brook, he went
first over himself, and then the men seeing him passed through after
] That done, he divided his men, and set the horsemen in the
midst of the footmen: for the enemies' horsemen were very many.
Then sounded they with the holy trumpets: whereupon Cendebeus and his host were
put to flight, so that many of them were slain, and the remnant gat them to the
] At that time was Judas John's brother wounded; but
John still followed after them, until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus had
] So they fled even unto the towers in the fields of Azotus;
wherefore he burned it with fire: so that there were slain of them about two
thousand men. Afterward he returned into the land of Judea in
] Moreover in the plain of Jericho was Ptolemeus the son of
Abubus made captain, and he had abundance of silver and gold:
he was the high priest's son in law.
] Wherefore his heart being
lifted up, he thought to get the country to himself, and thereupon consulted
deceitfully against Simon and his sons to destroy them.
] Now Simon
was visiting the cities that were in the country, and taking care for the good
ordering of them; at which time he came down himself to Jericho with his sons,
Mattathias and Judas, in the hundred threescore and seventeenth year, in the
eleventh month, called Sabat:
] Where the son of Abubus receiving
them deceitfully into a little hold, called Docus, which he had built, made them
a great banquet: howbeit he had hid men there.
] So when Simon and
his sons had drunk largely, Ptolemee and his men rose up, and took their
weapons, and came upon Simon into the banqueting place, and slew him, and his
two sons, and certain of his servants.
] In which doing he
committed a great treachery, and recompensed evil for good.
Ptolemee wrote these things, and sent to the king, that he should send him an
host to aid him, and he would deliver him the country and cities.
He sent others also to Gazera to kill John: and unto the tribunes he sent
letters to come unto him, that he might give them silver, and gold, and
] And others he sent to take Jerusalem, and the mountain
of the temple.
] Now one had run afore to Gazera and told John that
his father and brethren were slain, and, quoth he, Ptolemee hath sent to slay
] Hereof when he heard, he was sore astonished: so he
laid hands on them that were come to destroy him, and slew them; for he knew
that they sought to make him away.
] As concerning the rest of the
acts of John, and his wars, and worthy deeds which he did, and the building of
the walls which he made, and his doings,
] Behold, these are
written in the chronicles of his priesthood, from the time he was made high
priest after his father.